Repeated evolution: Complex brains and high intelligence evolved many times independently

… yes, that miracle happened not once, but many times…independently … it seems that most miracles happen in biology … over and over again …

Within the animal kingdom, complex brains and high intelligence have evolved several to many times independently, e.g. among ecdysozoans in some groups of insects (e.g. blattoid, dipteran, hymenopteran taxa), among lophotrochozoans in octopodid molluscs, among vertebrates in teleosts (e.g. cichlids), corvid and psittacid birds, and cetaceans, elephants and primates.

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